011 463 5566 tonyd@harding.co.za

Editors Note:
In this newsletter we address salient features of the National Budget, 22 February 2023.
Tony Davey – Editor
Duncan McAllister – Co-Editor
Werner Vos – Consultant


The maximum marginal rate for natural persons remains at 45% and is reached when taxable income exceeds R1 817 001 (previously R1 731 600).
The minimum rate of tax remains at 18% on taxable income not exceeding R237 100 (previously R226 000).
The primary rebate for all natural persons has been increased to R17 235 (previously R16 425). The additional rebate for persons aged 65 years and older is increased to R9 444 (previously R9 000). Persons aged 75 and older are granted a further R3 145 (previously R2 997).
The tax-free portion of interest income remains at R23 800 for taxpayers under 65 years, and R34 500 for persons aged 65 years and older. In addition the tax-free savings dispensation for other investments, including collective investment schemes remains at R36 000 per tax year.
Local dividends tax remains at a flat 20% rate which was effective 22 February 2017.
Foreign dividends also remain effectively taxed at a flat rate of 20%, but this may be reduced in terms of Double Tax Treaties.
A final withholding tax on interest from a RSA source to a non-resident remains at 15%, subject to Double Tax Treaties.

An individual is exempt from the payment of provisional tax if the individual does not carry on any business and the individual’s taxable income –

  • Will not exceed the tax threshold (see 4 below) for the tax year, or
  • From interest, foreign dividends and rental will be R30 000 or less for the tax year.

The Section 10(1)(o)(ii) exemption for foreign employment income of tax residents remains at R1,25 million, effective 1 March 2020.

Domestic solar PV panels tax rebate
A tax rebate (that is a deduction from actual tax payable) is allowed to individuals of 25% of the cost of new or unused panels purchased and installed at a private residence from 1 March 2023. (This however excludes the cost of invertors and batteries). This rebate is capped at R15 000 per individual.


The rate of normal tax is 27%. (This was reduced from 28% to 27% for tax years commencing 1 April 2022, or put another way, ending on or after 31 March 2023.
The final withholding dividends tax remains at a flat rate of 20%.
Tax-exempt bodies (e.g. Retirement Funds) will suffer no withholding tax upon production of a tax-exemption certificate.


The flat rate remains at 45%, although distributions in the same tax year are taxed in the beneficiaries’ hands.


Liability for tax is as follows:
Under 65 years: R 95 750 (previously R 91 250)
65 to 74 years : R148 217 (previously R141 250)
75 years and older: R165 689 (previously R157 900)

Taxable income (R) Rates of tax
0 – 237 100 18% of taxable income
237 101 – 370 500 R 42 678 + 26% of taxable income above R 237 100
370 501 – 512 800 R 77 362 + 31% of taxable income above R 370 500
512 801 – 673 000 R121 475 + 36% of taxable income above R 512 800
673 001 – 857 900 R179 147 + 39% of taxable income above R 673 000
857 901 – 1 817 000 R251 258 + 41% of taxable income above R 857 900
1 817 001 and above R644 489 + 45% of taxable income above R1 817 000


PRIMARY R17 235 (previously R16 425)
SECONDARY (AGE 65 AND OVER) R 9 444 (previously R 9 000)
PLUS AGE 75 AND OVER R 3 145 (previously R 2 997)


The rate of estate duty and donations tax remains at 20% for dutiable estate amounts of R30 million or less and increases to 25% for dutiable estate amounts over R30 million.
The estate duty abatement (exempt threshold) remains at R3,5 million per person and a surviving spouse may also benefit automatically from any unused deduction in the first-dying spouse’s estate. i.e. The abatement remains a combined maximum R7 million for the second-dying spouse.
There is a similar treatment of Donations Tax namely 20% for donations of R30 million or less, which increases to 25% for donations over R30 million, being the cumulative value of all donations on or after 1 March 2018.
The first R100 000 of amounts donated in each tax year by a natural person remains exempt from donations tax. Donations between spouses are fully exempt.


  • The annual capital gain exclusion for individuals remains at R40 000.
  • The primary residence exclusion from capital gains tax remains at R2 million.
  • The capital gain exclusion at death remains at R300 000.
  • The effective rate of CGT is the range of 7.2% to 18% for individuals, 21,6% for companies and 36% for Trusts, although correctly structured Trusts can result in the lower individual rate being applicable.


The rates are revised, i.e. property costing less than R1,100 000 will attract no duty. A 3 percent rate applies between R1,100 001 and R1,512,500, 6 per cent between R1,512 501 and R2,117,500, 8 percent between R2,117,501 and R2,722,500, 11 percent between R2,722,501 and R12,1 million and 13 percent thereafter.

8. RETIREMENT FUNDS (The revised tables are as below)

  • Tax Harmonisation of Retirement Fund Contributions
    As from 1 March 2016 all retirement funds (pension, provident and retirement annuity funds) are treated similarly for tax contribution purposes.
    The tax deduction formula of 27,5% per annum (with a cap of R350 000) of the greater of taxable income and remuneration applies to members of all retirement funds, including provident funds.
  • Annuitisation
    Pension and Retirement Annuity (RA) Funds require a compulsory annuity purchase upon retirement with two-thirds of such Fund benefits value while Provident Fund benefits value as at 1 March 2021, may be commuted in full, after which the annuitisation principle also applies to such subsequent contributions and growth thereon. The threshold below which a full fund benefit from a Pension, Provident or RA is allowed to be commuted is R247 500.


  • Taxpayers may in determining tax payable deduct monthly contributions to medical schemes (a tax rebate to be known as a medical scheme fees tax credit) up to R364 for each of the taxpayer and the first dependant on the medical scheme and R246 for each additional dependant.
  • An individual who is 65 and older, or if that person, his or her spouse or child is a person with a disability, 33.3% of qualifying medical expenses paid and borne by the individual and an amount by which medical scheme contributions paid by the individual exceed 3 times the medical scheme fees tax credits for the tax year.
  • Any other individual, 25% of an amount equal to qualifying medical expenses paid and borne by the individual and an amount by which medical scheme contributions paid by the individual exceed 4 times the medical scheme fees tax credits for the tax year, limited to the amount which exceeds 7.5% of taxable income (excluding retirement fund lump sums and severance benefits).

10. VAT

The rate remains at 15%. The compulsory VAT registration threshold remains at R1 million turnover per twelve month period.


The offshore investment allowance remains at R10 million per adult person per calendar year. In addition, the R1 million individual single discretionary allowance remains.


Taxpayers who have undisclosed income whether local or foreign, may avail themselves of the permanent normal SARS Voluntary Disclosure Program (VDP) contained in the Tax Administration Act, in order to mitigate penalties.
As regards unauthorised foreign assets, a person may approach the SA Reserve Bank (SARB) for post SVDP regularisation and each case is considered on its own merits.